Thinking about trying CBD? Are you confused by the terminology or don’t know where to start? We try to take out some of the confusion and explain things in straight-forward launguage.


Take a look at some of the most frequently asked questions from our customers below. We have linked some of the FAQs to more in-depth pages in our blog, so please do click through to the articles for further information. We try to update the blog regularly with useful information so keep an eye out. Not all of it is CBD related!


If you have any additional questions, don’t hesitate to drop us an email.

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What is CBD?

CBD -short for cannabidiol-is one of the many compounds found in both the hemp and cannabis plant.


Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is a product that’s derived from cannabis. It’s a type of cannabinoid, which are the chemicals naturally found in marijuana plants.


Even though it comes from marijuana plants, CBD doesn’t create a “high” effect or any form of intoxication — that’s caused by another cannabinoid, known as THC.


There’s some controversy around cannabis products like CBD oil because of recreational marijuana use. But there’s growing awareness about the possible health benefits of CBD oil.

What does ‘Full Spectrum’ mean?

Generally there are 3 types of CBD:

– Full Spectrum

– Broad Spectrum

– Isolate


Not all CBD is created equal, therefore it would be very helpful to explain the differences between the 3 most common types of CBD.


*Isolate CBD – (Often the cheapest CBD products on the Market)


Isolate refers to a type of CBD that is isolated from the rest of the compounds in the cannabis plant.


After CBD concentrate is extracted and separated from the rest of the compounds in the plant, it then goes through a winterization process, which extracts any remaining waxes, terpenes, or cannabinoids. This creates a CBD product that tests as high as 99% pure CBD.


*Full Spectrum CBD – (Generally the most expensive CBD Oil)


Full spectrum CBD, on the contrary, extracts a full profile of beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant. Our Full spectrum contains 0% of THC (which is what makes you high).


*Broad Spectrum CBD – (Usually mid range to high price tag)


Broad spectrum CBD is the middle ground option between isolate and full spectrum CBD. It begins as a full spectrum oil, with the full range of beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes, but it then goes through a refinement process to remove all THC compounds.


If you are looking for the most effective way to consume CBD, full spectrum CBD could be for you.


Because full spectrum CBD contains the full profile of beneficial compounds in the cannabis plant, it creates what is known as the entourage effect. Researchers of the entourage effect have found the therapeutic effects of cannabis are most powerful when the whole plant is used and all beneficial compounds synergistically work together.


CBD isolate will not produce the entourage effect, and it may be trickier to find your most effective dosage with isolate.


In fact, researchers found that CBD isolate has a minimum and maximum threshold of effectiveness. This means you must take a certain amount (minimum threshold) for it to be effective, and there’s a limit of what you can consume in a day (maximum threshold), before the beneficial effects rapidly wear off.


They found that full spectrum CBD did not show the same minimum and maximum threshold of effectiveness.


Because the whole plant is being used, the entourage effect in full spectrum CBD creates a more effective, therapeutic product.


In that regard, full-spectrum CBD oil is widely credited with helping treat serious medical conditions like anxiety, depression, muscle pain, migraines, and other adverse medical conditions.

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are oily secretions that are responsible for the scents plants, flowers, and fruit give off. They are nature’s way of attracting insects and animals to ensure the process of pollination or to repel other animals that are a danger to the plant in question. They also protect plants from molds, fungi, and bacteria.


In addition to the fact that terpenes are wholesome for plants, they are beneficial for humans as well. In the case of cannabis, terpenes are the reason each individual strain has a particular flavor, aroma and ultimately; effect. They also assist cannabinoids by making them more efficient and more easily absorbed by our bodies, through what is called “The Entourage Effect”. Combining specific terpenes with certain cannabinoids can have significant medicinal advantages.

What are Flavonoids?

Flavonoids are phytonutrients found naturally in many fruits and vegetables. They’re also in plant products like wine, tea, chocolate and of course hemp/CBD. There are around 6000 known flavonoids and counting..

Flavonoids play an important role in hemps’ biology, they account for around 10% of known cannabis compounds, with around 20 flavonoids found in hemp.

Flavonoids are found in a huge variety of plants, but scientists have identified some flavonoids that are unique to cannabis –  known as ‘cannaflavins’. Cannaflavins, along with terpenes, play a role in the characteristics of cannabis strains, from colour to taste.

Flavonoids help regulate cellular activity and fight off free radicals that cause oxidative stress on your body. In simpler terms, they help your body function more efficiently while protecting it against everyday toxins and stressors.

Allergens, germs, toxins, and other irritants can trigger inflammation that results in uncomfortable symptoms (often associated with autoimmune problems). Flavonoids may help your body dismiss that inflammatory reaction so that those symptoms are reduced.

To ensure you are getting the benefit of all the flavonoids hemp has to offer you need to make sure you are using full spectrum over broad spectrum

What is Carrier Oil?

Carrier Oil: Is the oil that is combined with CBD to ‘carry’ it to the body. There are many types of carrier oil used by manufacturers, MCT, Olive, Hemp, Avocado etc. Some offer advantages over the others. We use MCT oil.

MCT Oil: Medium Chain Triglyceride, derived from coconut oil. It is widely viewed as the highest quality carrier oil available for CBD oil and other CBD products.

The ‘medium-chain’ triglyceride — refers to a form of fat that’s easily digested and broken down by the body.  As a carrier oil for CBD, MCT oil offers a range of its own advantages.

MCT oil is easily absorbed by the body, CBD products that use MCT oil often have greater bioavailability than those that use other oils (Our CBD is also produced by the use of ultrasonic cavitation to achieve nano sized particles for unprecedented bioavailability).

This means that a higher percentage of the CBD content may be absorbed into your bloodstream, resulting in stronger effects.

MCT oil studies have shown it to promote weight loss, an excellent energy source, reduce lactate build up (anti-inflammatory), help manage epilepsy, Alzheimer’s, autism, heart disease, blood sugar and fights yeast & bacterial growth! It also has a neutral taste, making it the all round superfood!

What does the % strength mean?

Users of CBD products, especially new users, sometimes find themselves struggling to figure out how strong a CBD product really is from the information on the label. Sometimes it’s not just as straight forward as reading the number of milligrams.


500mg, 1000mg, 5%, 10% – are all examples of the kind of figures that are given on the labels of CBD products. But what do they mean when you’re trying to determine the strength of a product?


For example if you have a 10ml bottle of CBD Oil which has 1000mg stated on the label, and a 20ml bottle that is also stated as 1000mg, then those two bottles have different strengths.


Drop for drop and ml for ml, the 20ml bottle is only half as strong as the 10ml bottle. Yes they both contain the same overall amount of cannabinoids, but if you measure your dose in drops or ml’s then you’re getting only half the amount of CBD when using the 20ml product.


The percentage given represents the concentration, i.e. the true measure of the drop-for-drop strength of a product. For example, 1000mg of cannabinoids/CBD in a 10ml bottle is a concentration of 10%. 1000mg in a 20ml bottle is a 5% concentration.


A little complicated… But our products state the percentage, milligrams and millilitres for clarity.

What is the Entourage Effect?

Refers to the beneficial effect of all these compounds working together as opposed to just one or two of these compounds working in isolation.


Simply put: the Entourage Effect is the benefit you get from ingesting multiple components of the cannabis plant together instead of ingesting one component at-a-time. The cannabis genus of plants contains approximately 500 compounds. This includes about 100 phytocannabinoids (THC and CBD are phytocannabinoids, cannabinoids which occur naturally in plants).


Other significant compounds found in cannabis plants are terpenoids, flavonoids, and fatty acids.


Flavonoids are phytonutrients which are responsible for the vivid non-green colors we see in plants.


Flavonoids are known to have antiviral, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects (especially the ones found in cannabis).

Will CBD Make me ‘high’?

The short answer: No


Our CBD has 0.0% THC/THCa which is the compound in cannabis resposible for the ‘high’.


What’s more, CBD can also be derived from the hemp plant. Hemp has no psychoactive effects, either.


Research has found CBD can reduce some symptoms of anxiety and depression. This is still not equivalent to the high marijuana causes.

How can CBD help me?

Legally, in Europe, we are not allowed to suggest that there are any benfits from taking CBD. Although if you are here, then you have probably done a fair amount of research and a quick Google search will point you in the right direction…

Dosages / How much CBD should I take?

Are you confused by how much CBD you should be taking?


We work closely with a medical doctor who specialises and is qualified in treatment of medical conditions with CBD. Our dosing information is slightly different to our competitors as we follow her guidelines. Everybody is different when it comes to CBD, so there is a certain amount of trial and error involved. There’s not a ‘one size fits all’ but following our recommendations is a great start, and we find it has been very beneficial to ourselves and our customers.


  • Week 1: Start with 1 or 2 sprays under the tongue a couple of hours before bedtime
  • Week 2: 1 or 2 sprays under the tongue, twice a day, (morning and evening time). With 2 sprays in the evening
  • Week 3: 1 or 2 sprays under the tongue, 3 times a day (breakfast, lunch and evening time). With 2 sprays in the evening


From there, dose as required. All of our dosing information is on our packaging.


Maintaining the 3 times a day routine, normally provides optimum results.


Users have found benefits from 2 sprays under the tongue immediately after sports.


Sensitivities vary greatly from person to person and you should listen to your body.


Most new users who do not have chronic health problems will benefit from the 5% CBD Full Spectrum Oil, those who have chronic problems where higher doses of CBD is needed would usually opt for the 10% Full Spectrum Oil


What is important is to know the CBD you are taking is of the highest quality – we say these early every post because it is SO important. There are a lot of poor quality products on the market that do not offer the same effects and contain toxins that can be harmful to users. Our CBD Oils are ‘Full Spectrum’ to ensure our customers get all the benefits of the hemp plant, the way nature intended! We believe in bringing the highest quality product to the market.

Is CBD Safe?

CBD is safe, legal and won’t get you high – even at high doses. As the World Health Organisation stated, the CBD it’s “well tolerated with a good safety profile”.

What is CO2 Extraction?

Extraction is the name of the process used to withdraw the CBD from hemp plants.

There are several extraction methods used in the industry. Methods using solvents can often leave toxins in the CBD, we do NOT use this method!

CO2 extraction is the most expensive method of extracting the cannabinoids and is used primarily by the companies providing premium quality CBD products.

CO2 (carbon dioxide) is used because it provides a clean, precise extraction with no contamination. It doesnt require heat and allows the extradition of cannabinoids, terpenes and flavanoids. Keeeping the CBD the way nature intended.

CO2 extraction is also used in other applications like decaffeinating coffee beans, essential oils, extracting the nicotine from loose-leaf tobacco, and to precisely extract spices and flavours.

Know your product, make sure it’s CO2 extracted and that every batch is lab tested!

Why does CBD get recommended for so many different issues?

It’s weird that one product can be good for so many things, right? How does it work?

CBD works with a part of the body called the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which are a series of receptors throughout the body and central nervous system.

Medical researchers discovered the ECS in the 1990s, but much is still unknown about how it works and its interactions. The endocannabinoid system has three components: receptors, enzymes, and endocannabinoids.

Receptors exist throughout the body and are a substance to which endocannabinoids bind;

– Enzymes appear in many forms, but only two types of enzymes break down endocannabinoids;
– Endocannabinoids complement the body by keeping internal functions running smoothly.

Understanding the effects of CBD involves examining the relationship between the receptors and endocannabinoids.

There are two types of receptors: CB1 and CB2.

– CB1 receptors are primarily in the central nervous system and are responsible for governing coordination, movement, pain, appetite, memory, mood, and other functions.

– The CB2 receptors are in the peripheral nervous system, influencing pain, and inflammation. After the enzymes break down the cannabinoids, the endocannabinoids look to bind with receptors. Researchers believe that CBD does not directly attach itself to the receptor but influences it in some way. Activating these receptors is what allows for many of the health benefits that people associate with the compound.

What are the different strengths of CBD used for?

It’s confusing right?…. What do the %’s mean, what % should I take, what do the mg’s mean?

The % is the % of CBD in the bottle, for example: 5% will have 5% CBD/95% Carrier Oil (Ours is MCT Oil, derived from coconuts).

The mg is the amount of milligrams of CBD in the bottle. It’s easy to work out on our products as all our bottles are 10ml. Some suppliers will have a higher mg but the bottles will be bigger, with a lower concentration of CBD.

Below is a quick guide to what users take different CBD concentrations for:

– 5%/500mg: typically helps with milder issues, such as sleep problems, mild joint pain, mild anxiety/depression, mild inflammation, daily for health benefits.

– 10%/1000mg: typically helps with more serious issues such as arthritis, insomnia, injury/surgery recovery, chronic inflammation, endometriosis, daily for health benefits

– 20%/2000mg: typically helps with more chronic health problems as above but including cancer, Parkinson’s, severe pain, severe inflammation

Our CBD is sold with a pump spray dispenser, this helps with dosing and is super easy compared to the dropper bottles most companies use.

How long does a bottle of CBD last?

Our 10ml bottles come with an easy to use pump dispenser. Each pump is 0.1ml meaning that a bottle contains 100 sprays. So simple, and super easy to assist with mg dosing.

With regular, daily use, each bottle will last you around a month.

How should I store my CBD?

CBD is not cheap, we get it… Once you have spent your hard earned cash, you’ll want to look after your precious oil!

The aim is to stop your CBD going rancid, making sure you get the most out of your product, for the longest amount of time.

It’s simple really… you need to keep it in a cool, dark place and sealed from air exposure. With all our CBD Oil products, you don’t need to open the bottle due to the spray cap dispenser – keeping it sealed until you spray it into your mouth.

What are the other things that effect shelf life?

– Higher Quality Oils last longer, high quality plants and good growing conditions contribute to longer shelf life.
– CO2 Extraction / Full Spectrum  contributes to shelf life as the oil is more stable.
– Carrier Oil & additional ingredients. MCT oil generally has the longest shelf life. Any additional ingredients (such as flavourings) can reduce shelf life.
– The amber bottles aren’t just for looks. CBD oil lasts longer in dark-colored, airtight glass containers.

At Primitive CBD, we have you covered for all of the above, all our oils are Full Spectrum and CO2 extracted with strict batch testing to ensure the highest quality of product to market.

You can also keep your CBD in the fridge if you live in a hot climate

What happens if I take CBD and I don't feel anything?

So… you’ve spent your hard earned money on CBD and you expect to feel better and nothing happens.. you don’t feel anything… What’s the deal??

Well… CBD is a natural product, it is NOT a medicine. There are a few reasons why you may not feel any noticeable differences.

1. Dosing. CBD is not a one-size fits all. You have to experiment a little with dosing – the amount your body requires is affected by body size, type, weight, metabolism, diet, sensitivity and genetics. Our recommendation is to follow the instructions on our packaging for the first 3 weeks and then if you are still not noticing any difference, slowly increase the dose.

2. Expectation. Looking for drastic changes in a short time period is often unlikely to happen, changes are usually subtle. We always tell our customers to track progress over the course of a few weeks rather than day by day. For example, ask yourself, has my sleep quality / anxiety / pain been better this week than the previous week.

3. Lifestyle. If you are abusing your body regularly with excessive alcohol or drugs then changes will be masked by your body fighting the stress you are placing on it with toxic substances.

4. Regular Use. CBD tends to work better with regular use. There is typically a ‘wake-up’ period for the endocannabinoid system when you first start using CBD then a gradual improvement of symptoms, although some users find instant therapeutic effects.

Will I fail a drug test if I take CBD?

Whether you are an athlete or your work requires them, it’s a valid question!


The compound that is tested for in marijuana, is THC. THC is what is responsible for the high when consuming cannabis products. Workplace drug tests are testing for THC and its metabolites.

With Primitive CBD Oil, ALL the THC is removed from all of our products for your piece of mind. Our CBD Oils are one of only a few on the market that are Full Spectrum oils and THC free

The EU limit for THC in CBD products is 0.2%. All our products are grown in Europe, Organic, free from herbicides, pesticides and heavy metals. Every product is batch tested and ALWAYS THC FREE, lab results are available on request.